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3 "Heart rate variability"
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Original articles
Postoperative effects of bariatric surgery on heart rate recovery and heart rate variability
Han Su Park, Kyungwon Seo, Hyeon Soo Kim, Sung il Im, Bong Joon Kim, Bu Kyung Kim, Jung Ho Heo
Kosin Med J. 2022;37(2):119-126.   Published online June 27, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.22.020
  • 1,837 View
  • 38 Download
Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background
Several studies have reported associations between obesity and autonomic dysfunction. However, little research has investigated the effect of bariatric surgery on heart rate recovery (HRR) in the treadmill test and heart rate variability (HRV) in 24-hour Holter monitoring. We investigated the effects of bariatric surgery on HRR and HRV, which are parameters related to autonomic dysfunction.
Methods
We retrospectively investigated patients who underwent bariatric surgery in 2019. The treadmill test, 24-hour Holter monitoring, and echocardiography were performed before and 6 months after surgery. We compared the changes in HRR in the treadmill test and HRV parameters such as the time domain and spectral domain in 24-hour Holter monitoring before and after surgery.
Results
Of the 40 patients who underwent bariatric surgery, 25 patients had the treadmill test or 24-hour Holter monitoring both before and after surgery. Body weight and body mass index significantly decreased after surgery (112.86±24.37 kg vs. 89.10±20.26 kg, p<0.001; 39.22±5.69 kg/m2 vs. 31.00±5.09 kg/m2, p<0.001, respectively). HRR significantly increased (n=23; 43.00±20.97 vs. 64.29±18.49, p=0.001). The time domain of HRV parameters increased (n=21; standard deviation of the N-N interval 123.57±28.05 vs. 152.57±39.49, p=0.002 and mean N-N interval 791.57±88.84 vs. 869.05±126.31, p=0.002).
Conclusions
Our data showed that HRR after exercise and HRV during 24-hour Holter monitoring improved after weight reduction with bariatric surgery through improved cardiac autonomic function.
Relation of Various Parameters Used to Estimate Cardiac Vagal Activity and Validity of pNN50 in Anesthetized Humans
Jae Ho Lee, In Young Huh, Jae Min Lee, Hyung Kwan Lee, Il Sang Han, Ho Jun Kang
Kosin Med J. 2018;33(3):369-379.   Published online January 19, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2018.33.3.369
  • 1,716 View
  • 5 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDFPubReader   
Objectives

Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as a measure of cardiac autonomic function. According to the pNN50 statistic, the percentage of differences between successive normal RR intervals (RRI) that exceed 50 ms, has been known to reflect cardiac vagal modulation. Relatively little is known about the validity of pNN50 during general anesthesia (GA). Therefore, we evaluated the correlation of pNN50 with other variables such as HF, RMSSD, SD1 of HRV reflecting the vagal tone, and examined the validity of pNN50 in anesthetized patients. Methods: We assessed changes in RRI, pNN50, root mean square of successive differences of RRI (RMSSD), high frequency (HF) and standard deviation 1 (SD1) of Poincaré plots after GA using sevoflurane anesthesia. We also calculated the probability distributions for the family of pNNx statistics (x: 2-50 ms).

Results

All HRV variables were significantly decreased during GA. HF power was not correlated with pNN50 during GA (r = 0.096, P = 0.392). Less than pNN47 was shown to have a correlation with other variables.

Conclusions

These data suggest that pNN50 can not reflect the level of vagal tone during GA.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comprehensive evaluation of machine learning algorithms for predicting sleep–wake conditions and differentiating between the wake conditions before and after sleep during pregnancy based on heart rate variability
    Xue Li, Chiaki Ono, Noriko Warita, Tomoka Shoji, Takashi Nakagawa, Hitomi Usukura, Zhiqian Yu, Yuta Takahashi, Kei Ichiji, Norihiro Sugita, Natsuko Kobayashi, Saya Kikuchi, Ryoko Kimura, Yumiko Hamaie, Mizuki Hino, Yasuto Kunii, Keiko Murakami, Mami Ishik
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case report
Two Cases of Increased Parasympathetic Nerve System in Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea as a Predominant Symptom
Eui Kyu Kang, Jong Soon Choi
Kosin Med J. 2013;28(1):49-54.   Published online January 19, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2013.28.1.49
  • 1,164 View
  • 6 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   

The irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder, characterized by abdominal pain, bloating and bowel disturbance. The pathophysiology of IBS is very complicated. Recent studies indicate that the most important mechanisms include visceral hypersensitivity, abnormal gut motility, autonomic nervous system(ANS) dysfunction and disorder of regulation of the brain-gut axis. Patients with IBS frequently present impaired autonomic regulation. Heart rate variability(HRV) is an acknowledged tool for estimating autonomic function. We experienced two cases of increased parasympathetic nervous system by HRV in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea as a predominant symptom

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Sound stimulation using the individual's heart rate to improve the stability and homeostasis of the autonomic nervous system
    Daechang Kim, Nahyeon Kim, Younju Lee, Sungmin Kim, Jiyean Kwon
    Physiological Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Study on Resonance Sound Stimulation Using an Individual's Heart Rate to Improve the Stability and Homeostasis of the Autonomic Nervous System
    kim daechang, Seungbong Lee, Jaehoon Jeong, Sung Min Kim
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2022;[Epub]     CrossRef

KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal