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Review article
Dignity therapy for effective palliative care: a literature review
Se-Ryun Park, Yu-Jung Cha
Kosin Med J. 2022;37(3):192-202.   Published online September 27, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.22.127
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Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Dignity therapy for terminally ill patients in end-of-life care helps improve their psychological and spiritual well-being. In this study, the effectiveness and feasibility of dignity therapy in terminally ill patients were analyzed by reviewing previous studies. The review’s findings show that dignity therapy alleviates psychological distress and improves patients' spiritual well-being and dignity. In addition, many patients and their families found emotional support in generativity documents created through dignity therapy. Finally, the possibility of applying dignity therapy to palliative care in Korea in the future was explored. The findings indicate the influence of Eastern culture on recognizing death in patients who receive dignity therapy. Thus, dignity therapy shows promise as a contribution to improving palliative care; however, additional studies are needed to implement effective dignity therapy in the Korean context.
Case report
A Case of Cardiac Arrest due to Multivessel, Diffuse Coronary Spasm in Moyamoya Disease
Young Min Choi, Jung Woo Choi, Dong Ho Kang, Choong Hwan Kwak, Jin Yong Hwang, Jin Sin Koh
Kosin Med J. 2017;32(1):111-117.   Published online January 19, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2017.32.1.111
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Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

Moyamoya disease is characterized by progressive stenosis of the distal portion of the internal carotid arteries and fragile collateral vessels in the brain. The precise pathogenesis is still not known. Although extracranial vessel involvement is very rare, coronary arterial involvement has recently been reported. Here, we report a case of diffuse, multivessel coronary spasm leading to cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction in a 47-year-old man with moyamoya disease with no underlying emotional or physical stress.

Original article
High Proportion of Nervous System Disease among Major Cause of Under-Five Death in Korea; Compared with OECD 14 Nations (2005-2010)
Hyun Seok Seo, Seok Won Choi, Ji Sung Kim, Jae Yong Choi, Cheol Am Kim, Byeong Hee Son, Kyun Woo Lee, Kwang Wook Koh
Kosin Med J. 2014;29(1):37-45.   Published online December 17, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2014.29.1.37
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Abstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Abstract Objectives

To compare the mortality rate of children under ages five from different countries by their causes and to explore the cause of death that is relatively higher in South Korea and came up with measures for resolution.

Methods

The statistics were based from section ICD(International Classification of Diseases)-10 of WHO(World Health Organization) Mortality Database. Among the OECD(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, 15 countries with higher GDP(Gross Domestic Product) than South Korea were studied by the mortality rate from 2005 to 2010 sorted into two groups: 0 year group and 1-4 years group. Then the cause of death investigated in detail.

Results

Among the 15 countries, average mortality of 0 year group in Korea ranked 8th and the average mortality of 1-4 years group ranked 4th out of 15. There were no significance in the mortality of 0 year group caused by any specific disease, but unnatural death was ranked 2nd after the United States. The natural death of 1-4 years group was ranked 6th, and the unnatural death was ranked 2nd after the Unites States. Among the natural deaths of 1-4 years group, the cause of death significantly higher was found to be disease G(nervous system disease). Among the subgroups of disease G, the orders went epilepsy, cerebral palsy, paralysis, and inflammatory disease.

Conclusions

We have identified major causes of death of children under age 5. The highest proportion of cause of death in 1-4 years group was nervous system disease and we have proposed resolution. Henceforth, this data will be used as a foundational data for formulating policies relation to the Mother-Child Health.

Review article
APOPTOSIS
Myung-Woong Chang
The Journal of Kosin Medical College. 1995;10(2):9-16.
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KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal