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Jun Sik Yoon 1 Article
Comparison of the efficacy and complications of endoscopic incisional therapy and balloon dilatation for benign esophageal strictures
Eun Jeong Choi, Sam Ryong Jee, Sang Heon Lee, Ji Hyun Kim, Jun Sik Yoon, Jae Hyuk Heo, Seung Jung Yu, Hee Won Baek, Hong Sub Lee
Received August 12, 2022  Accepted September 19, 2022  Published online November 16, 2022  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.22.128    [Epub ahead of print]
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Background
Benign esophageal strictures are treated endoscopically, often with balloon dilatation (BD) or bougie dilators. However, recurrent esophageal strictures have been reported after BD, and severe complications sometimes occur. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and complications of endoscopic incisional therapy (EIT) and BD for benign esophageal strictures.
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent BD or EIT as primary treatment for benign esophageal strictures between July 2014 and June 2021. Technical success was defined as restoration of the lumen diameter with <30% residual stenosis. Clinical success was defined as no recurrence of dysphagia within 1 month after BD or EIT and an increase of 1 grade or more on the Functional Oral Intake Scale.
Results
Thirty patients with benign esophageal stricture were enrolled. There were 16 patients in the BD group and 14 patients in the EIT group. No significant differences in technical and clinical success rates were found between the two groups. Furthermore, no significant differences in the re-stricture rate were observed between the groups. There was one complication in the EIT group and three complications in the BD group. Three patients who underwent BD had re-stricture and underwent EIT thereafter, and we regrouped patients who underwent EIT at least once. The clinical success rate was significantly higher in patients regrouped to the EIT group than in patients who underwent BD only.
Conclusions
EIT is not inferior to BD as the primary treatment for benign esophageal strictures, especially for recurrent cases.

KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal