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Youn Mi Choi 1 Article
Fludarabine and Rituximab in Relapsed or Refractory Hairy Cell Leukmia Variant: A Case Report and Review of Literature
Ji Won Lee, Youn Mi Choi, Jae Yun Yang, Seung Moon Han, Bong Seog Kim, Seung-Hyun Nam
Kosin Med J. 2018;33(3):438-445.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2018.33.3.438
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Abstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare chronic B cell leukemia morphologically characterized by cells with an abundant cytoplasm and hair-like projections that can be found in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. The treatment for HCL is splenectomy or chemotherapy with the purine analogs pentostatin and cladribine. However, patients continue to relapse. Retreatment with the same or alternate purine analogs produces lower response rates and a shorter duration of response. Fludarabine is another purine analog widely used in treating indolent lymphoid cancers, often in combination with rituximab. Here, we report a case of HCL variant in a 60-year-old man who experienced multiple relapses after splenectomy and retreatment with cladribine. The patient was then treated with fludarabine and rituximab combination chemotherapy. After the treatment, he achieved complete remission that continued for 35 months.


KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal