Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Search
Seom Gim Kong 1 Article
Antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus colonized in children with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Seom Gim Kong
Kosin Med J. 2018;33(1):12-19.   Published online January 21, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2018.33.1.12
  • 341 View
  • 4 Download
Abstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Objectives

Systemic antibiotic therapy with semisynthetic penicillinase-resistant penicillin or vancomycin and clindamycin are recommended for the treatment of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS). This study assessed the rate of antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the anterior nares or skin of children diagnosed with SSSS.

Methods

A retrospective review of the medical records of 25 patients with SSSS between July 2010 and October 2014 was conducted. The clinical characteristics of patients were collected and the antibiotic susceptibility of S. aureus were analyzed using automated systems.

Results

The median age of the patients was 22 months (range: 2-95). Ninety-two percent of patients were less than 5 years of age. Nasal swab samples of all patients and skin swab samples of 17 patients were cultured to isolate S. aureus. Twenty-one (84%) of 25 patients were colonized with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). The results of swab samples of the other four patients were no growth or isolation of bacteria other than S. aureus. Among 20 strains isolated from the anterior nares, 1 strain (5%) was methicillin-susceptible S. aureus. All 15 strains isolated from the skin were MRSA. All 21 strains isolated from anterior nares or skin were found to be resistant to clindamycin upon evaluation using automated systems.

Conclusions

The rates of methicillin and clindamycin resistance in S. aureus colonized in children with SSSS were very high. Further studies evaluating proper antibiotic regimens and the effectiveness of systemic antibiotic therapy are needed.


KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal