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Kyoung-Im Cho 1 Article
Women, Stress and Heart Health: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Cardiovascular Disease
Kyoung-Im Cho
Kosin Med J. 2016;31(2):103-112.   Published online January 20, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2016.31.2.103
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Abstract

Psychological stress including depression and anxiety are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality, especially in women. Emotional regulation plays a mediating role in the development of depression and physical illness, and can alter resting physiologic responses associated with the stress response. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a structured group program that employs mindfulness meditation to alleviate suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic, and psychiatric disorders. MBSR was originally developed for the management of chronic pain, which is now used widely to reduce psychological morbidity associated with chronic illnesses and to treat emotional and behavioral disorders. In cardiovascular disease, MBSR may be helpful for controlling several risk factors for coronary heart disease such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, oxidative and psychosocial stress, obesity, and smoking, and improvements in submaximal exercise responses and heart rate variability. Although the most effective mode of stress reduction therapy is yet to be established, increasing recognition is being given to MBSR therapy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal