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Kyoung Im Cho 2 Articles
The significance of blood pressure variation and metabolic risk factors in patients with different stages of hypertension
Sun Min Kim, In Kyoung Shim, Ju Won Lee, Jun Yeob Lee, Si Won Lee, Kyoung Im Cho, Hyun Su Kim, Jae Woo Lee, Jung Ho Heo
Kosin Med J. 2017;32(2):179-190.   Published online December 29, 2017
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Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   

Blood pressure variation (BPV) and metabolic syndrome is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. Ambulatory blood Pressure (ABP) has been shown to be more closely related to cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients than conventional office BP (OBP). Using both OBP and ABP, 4 groups of patients were identified: (1) normotensive patients (NT); (2) white coat hypertensives (WCHT); (3) masked hypertensives (MHT); and (4) sustainedhypertensives (SHT). We investigated the significance of BPV and metabolic risks of these 4 groups.


This study is a retrospective analysis of patients between January 2008 and May 2013. Echocardiography and 24 hour ABP monitoring were performed.


BMI was significantly higher in the MHT compared with the NT. There were progressive increases in fasting glucose level from NT to WCHT, MHT, and SHT.MHT and SHT had higher 24h and nighttime BPV than NT.MHT was significantly related with BMI (r = 0.139, P = 0.010), creatinine (r = 0.144, P = 0.018), fasting glucose (r = 0.128, P = 0.046), daytime systolic BPV (r = 0.130, P = 0.017), and daytime diastolic BPV (r = 0.130, P = 0.017). Dyslipidemia (r = 0.110, P = 0.043), nighttime systolic BPV (r = 0.241, P < 0.001) and nighttime diastolic BPV (r = 0.143, P = 0.009) shown correlation with SHT. In multivariate logistic regression, MHT was independently associated with Body mass index (OR 1.086, 95% CI 1.005–1.174, P = 0.038) and creatinine (OR 1.005, 95% CI 1.001–1.010, P = 0.045).


BPV and metabolic risk factors were found to be greater in MHT and SHT compared with NT and WCHT. This suggests that BPV and metabolic risks may contribute to the elevated cardiovascular risk observed in patients with MHT and SHT.

Increased carotid atherosclerosis and carotid artery stiffness according to the disease duration and activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
Gi Sup Byun, Ji Hyun Lee, Kyoung Im Cho, HongJik Lee, Hyun Jung Yeo, Min Jeong Kim, Ho Joon Im
Kosin Med J. 2014;29(2):107-116.   Published online December 18, 2014
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Abstract Objective:

The ᅵink among carotid intimamedia thickness (IMT), vascular elastic property and the disease activity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is not well defined. We investigated the association between carotid atherosclerosis, elastic properties of the carotid arterial wall and clinical parameters of SLE.


Fifty-one SLE patients and fifty healthy controls were included. Peak systolic global circumferential and posterior radial strains of carotid artery were measured to assess the elastic properties. Beta stiffness index was used as conventional method for the distensibility of the carotid artery. Information concerning SLE duration, cumulative dose of steroids and/or immunosuppressive drug intake was recorded, and SLE activity was assessed by SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score.


Carotid plaques were more common in SLE patients. SLE patients with plaques were 㢌der and showed the increased mean ᅵMT, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs CRP), IgG anti-cardi㢌ipin antibody (aCL), and longer disease duration compared with those without plaques. Peaksyst㢌ic global circumferential and posterior radial strain as well β stiffness index were significantly lower in SLE group. Age, disease duration, hsCRP, IgG aCL showed significant correlations with mean ᅵMT and parameters of carotid elastic property (all P's<0.05).


Carotid atherosclerosis was more common in SLE patients, and carotid arterial stiffness had significant correlation with disease duration, hsCRP and IgG aCL level. Speckle tracking strain imaging is a comparative method for the assessment of elastic properties of carotid artery of SLE patients.

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