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Ji Young Park 3 Articles
Are there differences in hepatitis-B immunization status between diabetes and non-diabetes subjects in Korea?
Ji Young Park, Su Kyoung Kwon
Kosin Med J. 2018;33(1):41-50.   Published online January 21, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2018.33.1.41
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Abstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Objectives

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends hepatitis-B virusVIruS vaccination for unvaccinated adults with diabetes. However, the Korean Diabetes Association (KDA) did not recommend hepatitis-B vaccination for unvaccinated adults with diabetes. This study was performed to assess the differences in hepatitis-B virus antigen and antibody status between Korean patients with diabetes and those without by using national survey data.

Methods

We analyzed hepatitis-B virus antigen and antibody status in 9,771 South Korean people from the general population based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetes patients were defined as those with a measured fasting plasma glucose over 126 mg/dL or those who had been previously diagnosed with diabetes by other health care centers.

Results

Subjects with diabetes accounted for 812 (8.3%) among the 9771 study subjects. The prevalence ofhepatitis-B (HBsAg) seropositive subjects was not significantly different (3.9% vs. 4.6%, P = 0.09) between subjects with diabetes and those without. The prevalence of hepatitis-B antibody (HBsAb) positive subjects and unimmunized subjects was not significantly different (55.2% vs. 58.2%, P = 0.09, 40.9% vs. 37.2%, P = 0.09) between the two groups. The prevalence of unimmunized subjects decreased by age (< 20 years 33.3 % vs. 33.0%, 20~29 years 49.1% vs. 41.2%, 30~39 years 41.9% vs. 37.7%, 40~49 years 35.1% vs. 33.5%, 50~59 years 39.0% vs. 38.0%, 60~69 years 41.2% vs. 39.8%, > 70 years 48.5% vs. 42.8%) but was not significantly different between the 2 groups.

Conclusions

From this study, we conclude that there are not sufficient grounds to recommend routine hepatitis-B virus vaccination for unvaccinated Korean subjects with diabetes at this point in time in Korea. Further prospective studies will be needed.

The clinical features and infectious etiologies of acute diarrhea in immunocompromised hosts
Jin Young Lee, Ye Na Kim, Namho Kim, Kyoung Soon Cho, Ji Young Park
Kosin Med J. 2017;32(2):191-203.   Published online December 29, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2017.32.2.191
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Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Objectives

The acute diarrhea is a common complaint among immunocompromised hosts, and may cause life threatening event. The infectious etiologies vary depending on virus, bacteria, and parasites. The most common etiology of acute gastroenteritis is known as enteric virus in Korea.1 But there are few studies about the infectious etiology of acute gastroenteritis in immunocompromised hosts.23 The aim of this study was to investigate the infectious etiologies of acute diarrhea in immunocompromised hosts.

Methods

Seventy three patients were enrolled prospectively in a university hospital from January 2013 to July 2014. Immunocompromised hosts included above 65-year-old people, patients with chronic diseases, solid organ or stem cell transplants, solid organ malignancies, hematologic malignancies, immunosuppressive or steroid taking patients. The clinical data were collected and stool samples collected during diarrhea were undergone laboratory analysis for enteric viruses and bacterial enteropathogens including Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and Clostridium difficile.

Results

Fifty five patients were analyzed as follows : above 65 year-old people were 36 cases (66%), previous antibiotic usage was 22 cases (41.5%). 44 cases (81.1%) were admitted to general ward whereas 9 cases to ICU (17%). 41 cases (73.6%) were treated with antibiotics. Positive C. difficile toxin assays were 6 cases (11.9%). Other infectious etiologies were not found.

Conclusions

C. difficile infection was more common infectious etiology while enteric viruses and other bacteria are not associated with acute diarrhea among immunocompromised hosts in this study. So C. difficile infection must be considered preferentially in immunocompromised hosts with acute diarrhea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mucoprotectants
    Sung Eun Kim
    The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.2022; 22(2): 108.     CrossRef
Case of subdural Empyema Secondary to Suppurative Otitis Media
So Young Huh, Ji Hyun Lee, Ji Young Park
Kosin Med J. 2009;24(1):187-189.   Published online June 30, 2009
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KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal