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Hye-Jin Kim 2 Articles
Persistent Complete Atrioventricular Block after Induction of General Anesthesia in a Healthy Patient
Gyeong-Jo Byeon, Hye-Jin Kim, Hyun-Su Ri, Su Sung Lee, Hee Young Kim
Kosin Med J. 2019;34(1):65-71.   Published online June 30, 2019
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Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

A 38-year-old female patient had bradycardia in the preoperative electrocardiogram (ECG), and she showed severe bradycardia, with the heart rate (HR) under 40 beats per minute (bpm) even after arrival in the operating room. Immediately after endotracheal intubation, ventricular tachycardia with HR over 200 bpm occurred, but it disappeared voluntarily. The surgery was postponed for additional cardiac evaluation because of the persistent severe bradycardia. On postanesthesia day 2, complete atrioventricular (AV) block appeared. We expected spontaneous recovery over 2 weeks, but the complete AV block persisted. A permanent pacemaker was eventually inserted, and the patient was discharged without other complications on day 4 after insertion of the pacemaker. We report this case because complete AV block has commonly occurred in patients with risk factors such as first AV block, secondary AV block, or bundle branch block, but complete AV block has occurred despite the absence of arrhythmia in this patient.

Fatal neurological complication after liver transplantation in acute hepatic failure patient with hepatic encephalopathy
Joo-Yun Kim, Hyun-Su Ri, Ji-Uk Yoon, Eun-Ji Choi, Hye-Jin Kim, Ju-Yeon Park
Kosin Med J. 2018;33(1):96-104.   Published online January 21, 2018
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Abstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM

Liver transplantation is a current definitive treatment for those with end-stage liver disease. Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of hepatic failure, which can be improved and aggravated by various causes. It is important to differentiate hepatic encephalopathy from other diseases causing brain dysfunction such as cerebral hemorrhage, which is also related to high mortality after liver transplant surgery. A 37-year-old patient was presented with acute liver failure and high ammonia levels and seizure-like symptoms. Computed tomography (CT) of his brain showed mild brain atrophy, regarded as a symptom of hepatic encephalopathy, and treated to decrease blood ammonia level. Deceased donor liver transplantation was performed and liver function and ammonia level normalized after surgery, but the patient showed symptoms of involuntary muscle contraction and showed loss of pupil reflex and fixation without recovery of consciousness. Brain CT showed brain edema and bilateral cerebral infarction, and the patient died after a few days. The purpose of this case report is to emphasize the importance of preoperative neurological evaluation, careful transplantation decision, and proper perioperative management of liver transplantation in patients with acute hepatic encephalopathy.

KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal