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Chul Ho Lee 1 Article
Incidence of arterial steno-occlusive disease and related factors in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Seong Gyu Kim, Geun Woo Lee, Chul Ho Lee
Kosin Med J. 2022;37(2):140-145.   Published online June 24, 2022
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Abstract PDFPubReader   ePub   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery receive regular physical examinations and medications on an outpatient basis. However, these patients are at risk of developing other vascular diseases, such as postoperative arterial steno-occlusive disease (SOD). This study investigated the incidence of SOD and related factors.
In total, 246 patients who underwent CABG surgery from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2021 were investigated. The incidence and risk factors of vascular disease were analyzed by dividing the included patients into SOD and non-SOD groups. Laboratory tests, medical history, surgical information, and family history were investigated through an electronic chart review.
Data from 193 patients who met the criteria were analyzed. SOD occurred in 19.1% of patients, and the cerebral artery (38%) was the most common artery involved, followed by the peripheral artery (32%), the coronary artery (22%), and the retinal artery (8%). Risk factors for the development of SOD included estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; odds ratio [OR]=0.977, p=0.008), cholesterol (OR=1.020, p=0.001), and patients with diabetes complications (OR=5.077, p=0.010). The 3-year cumulative incidence rate was 21.6%, and the risk factors for cumulative occurrence were a low eGFR, elevated cholesterol, and complications of diabetes.
Low eGFR, high cholesterol, and the presence of diabetic complications before CABG surgery may be associated with postoperative vascular disease. In these cases, close monitoring, proper drug administration, and patient warnings may be required.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Why should you not overlook the postoperative evaluation of steno-occlusive arterial disease for coronary artery bypass graft patients?
    Jong Hyun Baek, Haeyoung Lee
    Kosin Medical Journal.2022; 37(2): 93.     CrossRef

KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal