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Bu Kyoung Kim 1 Article
Diagnostic value of BRAFV600E mutation analysis in fine needle aspiration for evaluation of thyroid nodules
Hae Won Lee, So Young Ock, Bu Kyoung Kim, Su Kyoung Kwon, Young Sik Choi, Jeong Hoon Kim, Sang Bong Jung
Kosin Med J. 2018;33(1):1-11.   Published online January 21, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7180/kmj.2018.33.1.1
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Abstract PDFPubReader   CrossRef-TDMCrossref - TDM
Objectives

Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is routinely used in the evaluation of thyroid nodules. However, it has several pitfalls, as has been noted in nondiagnostic and indeterminate cases. This study aims to investigate the value of BRAFV600E mutation co-testing in FNA cytology.

Method

A total of 310 patients underwent BRAFV600E mutation co-testing in FNA cytology on thyroid nodules between June 2013 and June 2014. Of the 310 patients, 69 patients who had undergone a surgery for thyroid nodules were included in this study. The presence of the BRAFV600E mutation was determined by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction amplification of exon 15 of the BRAF gene.

Results

Of 69 cases, 33 (47.8%) were BRAFV600E mutation positive. The BRAFV600E mutation was not significantly associated with high-risk features such as tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and pathological stage. The respective diagnostic performance of FNA (P = 0.02), BRAFV600E mutation (P = 0.03), and ultrasonographic (P = 0.00) findings was statistically significant. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of FNA was 64.9%, 83.3%, and 94.8%. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of BRAFV600E mutation was 56.1%, 91.7%, and 96.9% and the US features was 91.2%, 91.7%, and 98.1% respectively. However, sensitivity of FNA with BRAFV600E mutation (77.2%) was lower than FNA with US (92.9%) and combination all together (92.9%).

Conclusion

In this study, we found that US features were the most useful in preoperative differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules. BRAFV600E mutation co-testing in FNA cytology was also useful for diagnosis of thyroid tumors.


KMJ : Kosin Medical Journal